Opium poppy

Opium poppy

How to water opium poppy


The opium poppy is a flower native to Afghanistan. Coming from a climate more or less similar to the European one, the plant has no special needs. The correct watering of the Opium consists in its occasional wetting. On average, a wetting every 2 or 3 days is sufficient. The plant tends not to suffer even if it is watered only once a week. What we need to make sure is that the soil is not yet wet from the previous time before proceeding with a further watering, otherwise we risk only to submerge the roots of the plant. The type of wetting of the plant remains constant during the various seasons because Opium is able to tolerate even periods of extreme drought, there is therefore no need to increase the frequency of irrigation during the year.

How to cure opium poppy



How to cure the Opium? Thanks to their origin from territories with climates similar to ours, the Oppio is able to adapt easily to climate changes, without being affected too much by temperature variations from summer to winter. However, they cannot withstand too high and sultry temperatures and the perfect temperature for the plant is between ten and twenty degrees. It is strongly advised to expose the Opium directly to the rays of the sun, especially during the winter. This type of plant can be both biennial and eternal. The biennial plant adapts well to different climatic conditions, but when it comes to the eternal species it is important to expose it to the sun but accompanying it with a very well drained soil which can therefore cushion a possible initial dryness of the plant.

Fertilizing Opium



There are different varieties of this plant and therefore, there is no ideal and well-defined substrate for its cultivation. Basically, Opium does not prefer acid soils and develops better on neutral or calcareous soils. Opium is more easily fertilized than other plants. Being a more rustic plant, it adapts much more easily and has no particular needs. The fertilizers for the Opium are therefore the normal fertilizers for the plants in circulation and essential for the development of any species. Fertilizers must be placed only at the time of implantation, therefore in spring for the bienal species and in autumn for all the others. Sometimes, a liquid fertilizer is suggested to be added to the normal irrigation of the plant every twenty days in the period between March and September.

Possible diseases of the Opium



Being a rather rustic species, Opium stands up well to any diseases. However, the plant is still not immune and all possible problems are generally caused by poor cultivation, such as bad sun exposure. If the plant is placed in partial shade, Opium flowering is blocked. Sometimes Opium can be affected by the so-called white mal, a disease caused by a fungal species especially present in hot and humid areas. The fungus affects the leaves that appear to be covered with a white substance. It is advisable to act immediately on the infected parts before the fungus extends to the whole plant. The remedy for this disease is to cut and burn the infected parts before it is too late. There are also chemical products based on copper sulphate to be applied to the infected parts.