Grapes

Grapes

Grape cultivation: watering


In the cultivation of grapes, watering operations are of fundamental importance. Very little water intake, as well as excessive, in fact, negatively affects the development of the plant and, consequently, of the fruit. It is very important to be able to understand when the plant has real need for water, so as to proceed with irrigation only when needed. Too little water is practically useless because it would not be able to reach the roots in depth or it would evaporate immediately. Generally, 25 l per plant represents a correct intake (in full soil). Never exaggerate because high water doses put a lot of stress on the plant with very serious consequences. Watering can be done easily every 8-10 days.

How to cultivate the grape plant



Although the best cultivation for grapes is that in open soil, it is not impossible to grow them in pots with good satisfactions. Very important are the dimensions of the vase which must have a diameter of at least 50 cm. The roots of the vine, in fact, absolutely require a lot of space. The greater the latter, the better the results in cultivation will be. Where there is a mild climate, the installations are carried out at the beginning of the winter season. Where it is colder, instead, it is advisable to wait for the end of winter. However, this operation is carried out exclusively during the vegetative rest. The soil used must be very rich in highly mature manure to which it is necessary to add a little pumice to obtain a truly draining soil, a condition which is indispensable for the vine.

Screw fertilization



The vine plant must absolutely be entertained in the correct way to avoid the risk of possible diseases. Fertilization is certainly one of the inevitable operations, to be performed scrupulously. Before winter, it is first necessary to integrate the substances into the soil with good amounts of mature manure. If it is necessary, it will be necessary to intervene in the same way also subsequently, after the possible formation of the fruits. It is certain that it is absolutely not necessary to exceed because the too much nourishment does not correspond to an improved production. Calcium and potassium are the essential elements for the vine. Nitrogen and phosphorus are also important, but less so. The fertilizer is to be buried slightly and allowed to penetrate the soil with a light watering. The legume green manure is perfect.

Grapes: Exposure possible diseases of the vine



The vine is a plant with very few claims. To obtain a good grape an indispensable factor is the exposure of the plant. This must absolutely be in a perfectly sunny terrain. The sun, in fact, positively influences the life of the plant and also the taste of its fruits. On the other hand, areas of shade and those in which there is excessive humidity in the air are not at all good. Proper ventilation is also essential. The vine is a plant that unfortunately is very often the victim of diseases or parasites. Among the most frequent diseases, we recall the so-called "downy mildew" and "botrytis". Both arise from excessive water intake. They are fought with special chemical products. Among the pests, one of the worst is the "red spider", characterized by the very high pest power, to be eliminated also chemically.