Basil belongs to the Lamiaceae family, it is an annual herbaceous aromatic plant. Mainly used in the kitchen for its particular fragrance comes from the Indian regions. This plant can reach a maximum size of about 60 centimeters; the leaves are bright green and oval, boiled or lanceolate with maximum dimensions of 5 centimeters. The seeds are black and fine while the inflorescences grow at the base of the leaves, are white and have a corolla composed of 5 petals and the stamens are yellow. It is good to know that the basil, after it develops these inflorescences, cannot be used and, if the first flowers are noticed, it is convenient to cut them. Cultivation can take place in garden beds or pots.
basil in pot with some inflorescences. "width =" 745 "height =" 500 "longdesc =" / garden / aromatic / basil-in-vaso.asp ">
How to grow the plant
Before proceeding with the phases of basil cultivation, it is good to understand what are the fundamental rules for keeping this plant alive and making it grow luxuriantly. The plant, being native to the Asian regions, needs a warm climate but does not tolerate drought and excessive heat, so it is convenient to place it in a shaded but airy and bright area. Watering must take place when the soil is dry and dosed in such a way as to never have too moist soil. The cultivation in pots is favored by its fast growth and by the continuous production of sprouts. The latter begin to develop during the spring season, when temperatures between 15 and 20 ° C are felt, therefore, it is good to put it to rest in the months between February and March.
Basil in pot: first phase
The first phase for the cultivation of this aromatic plant is sowing. First of all you need to buy terracotta pots that are not too small because the plant can reach a maximum size of about 60 centimeters. Continue to fill these jars with universal topsoil on which the basil seeds are placed and then cover them with earth. This practice must take place between February and March and, between the end of May and the beginning of June. After sowing, decide where to place the basil jars. The ideal area is sunny and bright, but it is good that the sun's rays do not directly affect the vessels because, at the time of the birth of the first shoots, they could burn and take on that typically yellow color.
Basil in pot: second phase
Watering of this species must take place consistently in the period just after sowing, as the seeds need a certain level of humidity. It is good to remember that this practice should be done in the morning. The first sprouts can be seen already after a week of sowing; the harvest instead, is performed after about a month from the same and the large and older leaves are taken first. As the days go by you will notice the first inflorescences and, although they are very pleasant flowers, they must be eliminated so as to allow our aromatic plant to grow and create new leaves. If pruning does not take place, the plant will no longer be usable over time. In conclusion it is good to remember that, basil has innumerable uses in the culinary field: from the simple decoration to the realization of real sauces.